Democracy and rights
The Bahamas is a stable democracy where
political and civil rights are generally well respected.
However, discrimination of Haitians mainly occurs and
violent crime is a growing social problem.
Elections are conducted in orderly forms in the
Bahamas and political parties can act freely.
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Bahamas, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Rules designed to prevent corruption are relatively
weak and there is no special authority to deal with
charges of corruption. Domestic critics claim that
widespread corruption has contributed to an economic
downturn and rising taxes (see Current Policy).
Corruption trials have been launched against several
former ministers in recent years. Nevertheless, the
Bahamas is relatively good in the Transparency
International index of corruption levels, ranked 29 out
of 180 countries (see the full list here).
Haitian migrants are being discriminated against. It
is common for Haitians to be rejected and forced back to
their home country without their residence permit
applications being tested. Local and international human
rights organizations have long criticized the Bahamas
for not having a refugee policy that grants everyone the
same rights. The conditions in the country's refugee
refugee camps, where both children and adults are
interned, are said to be bad and the staff is accused of
Freedom of expression and media
Both press and freedom of speech prevail and are well
respected in practice.
However, slander is not decriminalized. Anyone
sentenced to slander can be sentenced to up to two years
in prison, although this is rarely the case.
The Bahamas is not included in Reporters without
Borders Press Freedom Index.
Judicial system and legal security
The courts may seem free from political interference,
but receive criticism for long waiting times. The
authorities estimate that almost half of the prisoners
have not received their sentences. The country's only
prison is overcrowded and the prisoners have inadequate
access to ventilation, water and medical care. The death
penalty is sentenced, but no execution has taken place
since 2000. The Privy Council, the UK body that acts as
the highest legal body, ruled in 2006 that the death
penalty violates the country's constitution. Amnesty
International criticizes Bahamian police for assault.
The crime of violence is widespread. In particular,
the number of murders is large; The Bahamas is ranked
between 10th and 15th among the world's countries in
terms of the number of murders per inhabitant. The
violence mainly affects people involved in illegal
activities, but the United States has designated the
Bahamas as a country where the smuggling of drugs,
weapons and people pose worrying problems that can
affect even outsiders. In 2016, reports of cocaine
smuggling between South America and the United States
are increasingly passing through the Bahamas, which has
taken over some of the previous traffic through Central