Democracy and rights
Belize is a functioning democracy where
regular and fair elections are held and where freedom of
the press and freedom of expression prevails, albeit
with some restrictions. Corruption and high violent
crime are serious problems.
Human rights are generally respected. Since 1999,
there has been an ombudsman for human rights, but
according to human rights organizations, the authority
rarely follows up on the notifications it receives. Most
often, the reports are about police abuse, violence
against women and children and human trafficking.
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Belize, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Belize is not included in Transparency
International's ranking of 180 countries based on
corruption levels, but according to Freedom House, the
political will to address the corruption problem is
weak. No one has so far been brought to justice under a
law that is intended to prevent corruption and has
existed for over 20 years.
Many point to the fact that criminal gangs in the
severely violent neighboring countries also reside in
Belize to some extent. The murder rate is high. In
September 2018, the government announced an emergency
permit for 30 days in two areas in violence-affected
parts of Belize City where gang violence has escalated.
Freedom of expression and media
According to Belize's constitution, freedom of the
press and opinion prevails. Exceptions are made to
protect the national security, public order and social
morality. It happens that journalists are exposed to
threats and physical exertions.
Belize is ranked 53 out of 180 countries in Reporters
Without Borders Press Freedom Index. It is a better
location than other countries in both the Caribbean and
Central America with the exception of Jamaica and Costa
Rica, which are in 6th and 7th place respectively (the
entire list is here).
Judicial system and legal security
The judiciary is considered to be independent of
political influence. However, limited access to
qualified judges, prosecutors and lawyers contributes to
deficiencies in the rule of law. Among other things,
there are many reports of police brutality.
The death penalty can be sentenced but no one has
been executed since 1985 and in 2015 it was decided that
the only remaining prisoner sentenced to death will not
The age of criminal justice was increased in 2005,
from nine to twelve years.